Department of Germanic Languages & Literatures

John Spalek Exile Collection

The Max Kade Center acquired the Spalek exile collection in 1997. It includes works by and about such famous writers as Bertolt Brecht, Lion Feuchtwanger, Heinrich Mann, Thomas Mann, Franz Werfel, and Carl Zuckmeyer. The collection goes far beyond, to span an entire generation of writers, not just those who fled to the United States, but also those who escaped to England, France, and Latin American countries. Nor is the library restricted to literature; it contains books of illustrious emigrants who made an impact during the Nazi years outside Germany: exiles such as Theodor W. Adorno, Hannah Arendt, Ernst Bloch, Ernst Cassirer, Albert Einstein, Erik H. Erikson, Sigmund Freud, Erich Fromm, Georg Grosz, Hajo Holborn, Arthur Koestler, Siegfried Kracauer, Paul Otto Kristeller, Herbert Marcuse, Erwin J. Panofsky, Hans Reichenbach, Max Reinhardt, and Paul Tillich. The collection is genuinely international and interdisciplinary. The wide breadth of the collection suggests fruitful directions for teaching and research. Our symposium will encompass a broad range of personalities, traditions, and disciplines, reflecting the paradoxical result of conflict and persecution. Despite the tragic injuries and displacement, the exile experience brings to America profound changes and lasting benefits. The United States has always been a country of immigrants, but the years 1848 1849 and 1933-1945 have special significance. The turn of events in Europe forced the most outspoken voices of freedom and intellect to flee. Europe's loss became America's gain.

John Spalek was born in Warsaw. Having written a dissertation at Stanford University on "Theological Problems on the Contemporary German Stage" and having recognized the importance of Ernst Toller's career and works, he has devoted his research career to the exploration and preservation of the exile legacy. While teaching at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles he was at the center of a community that was the haven for many prominent exiles from Nazi Germany. There and later, at the State University of New York in Albany, he assembled and published a most comprehensive set of reference works on exile literature. Spalek's seven volumes devoted to exile writers in California and New York, along with his guide to archival materials, have become indispensable tools in German studies. Because of his expertise, the central library of the German Federal Republic (Die Deutsche Bibliothek in Frankfurt) has consulted him for many years about the writings of exiles and the acquisitions of their manuscripts, correspondence, and papers. Professor Spalek's wide and thorough knowledge of the field is reflected in his library.

Books Publications

John M. Spalek: Book Publications

1. Ernst Toller and His Critics. A Bibliography. Charlottesville, Va.: Bibliographical Society of the Univ. of Virginia, 1968. xxii, 919 pp. Second printing, New York: Haskell House, 1973.

2. Medieval Epic to the Epic Theater of Brecht. Essays in Comparative Literature, ed. with R. P. Armato. Los Angeles: Univ. of Southern California Press, 1968. vii, 252 pp. (Univ. of Southern California Studies in Comparative Literature, No. 1)

3. Deutsche Exilliteratur seit 1933. Vol. I: Kalifornien, ed. with Joseph P. Strelka. Bern: Francke, 1976. In two parts: 868, 216 pp. (Studien zur deutschen Exilliteratur)

4. German Expressionism in the Fine Arts. A Bibliography. Ed. John M. Spalek et al. Los Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1977. 272 pp. (Art and Architecture Bibliographies, 3) Ca. 5,000 items, with commentary.

5. Ernst Toller: Gesammelte Werke, 5 vols., ed. with Wolfgang Frühwald. Munich: Hanser, 1978. 1437 pp. (Reihe Hanser, 250-254)

6. A Guide to the Archival Materials of the German-Speaking Emigration to the United States after 1933, with Adrienne Ash and Sandra H. Hawrylchak. Charlottesville: The Univ. Press of Virginia for the Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia, 1978. xxv, 1133 pp. Reprinted Munich: K. G.Saur Verlag, 1997.

7. Der Fall Toller, ed. with Wolfgang Frühwald. Munich: Hanser, 1979. 26 pp. (Companion volume to the Toller edition, containing documents, materials and commentary)

8. Karl O. Paetel, Reise ohne Uhrzeit. Autobiographie, ed. with Wolfgang D. Wife. Worms: The World of Books and Georg Heintz, 1982. 300 pp.

9. Exile: The Writer's Experience, ed. with Robert F. Bell. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Univ. of North Carolina Press. 1982. xx, 370 pp. (Studies in the Germanic Langs. and Lits., 99)

10. Deutschsprachige Exilliteratur seit 1933. Band II: New York. Ed. with Joseph P. Strelka. Bern: Francke, 1989. xxix, 1817 pp. (in two volumes)

11. Guide to the Archival Materials of the German-speaking Emigration to the United States after 1933. Vol. II. with Sandra H. Hawrylchak. Munich: K. G. Saur, 1992. 847 pp.

12. Deutschsprachige Exilliteratur seit 1933. Band IV: Bibliographien. With Konrad Feilchenfeldt and Sandra H. Hawrylchak. Munich: K. G. Saur, 1994. 2150 pp.

13. Guide to the Archival Materials of the German-speaking Emigration to the United States after 1933. Vol. III. With Sandra H. Hawrylchak. Munich: K. G. Saur, 1996. 970 pp.

14. Lion Feuchtwanger. A Bibliographic Handbook. Volume 1. German Editions / Lion Feuchtwanger. Ein bibliographisches Handbuch. Band 1. Deutschsprachige Ausgaben. With Sandra H. Hawrylchak. Munich: K. G. Saur, 1998. 394 pp.

Exile Authors on George Salter's Book Jackets

For forty years, George Salter's beautifully drawn and lettered jackets served as elegant windows into the works of such renowned authors as Albert Camus, John Dos Passos, Jack London, and Thomas Mann. Salter had the rare ability to reduce the illustrated jacket to its essential elements. Using typography, calligraphy, and pictorial imagery, he evoked the contents of a wide variety of books.

George Salter

c.a. 1933

Salter's life and work bridged two continents and cultures and spanned the political turmoil of the mid-twentieth century. He survived both world wars, the rise of National Socialism in Germany, an permanent exile in a new land, but nothing halted his tireless and brilliant design work.

The following selection from Thomas Hansen's new book presents Salter's artistic efforts in behalf of fellow exiles in the United States. Thomas S. Hansen, George Salter: Classic Book Jackets. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Architectural Press, 2005.





Book 1 Book 2
Book 3
1931 1931 1928
Book 4 Book 5
Book 6
1933 1932 1933
Book 7 Book 8
Book 9
1931 1930 1933
Book 10 Book 11
Book 12
1931 1932 1932
Book 13 Book 14
Book 15
1932 1928 1926
Book 16 Book 17
Book 18
1930 1931 1930
Book 19 Book 20
Book  21
1932 1930 1930
Book 22 Book 23
Book 24
1932 1932 1933
Book 25 Book 26

Book 27

1929 1934 1936
Book 28 Book 29
Book 30
1935 1942 1942
Book 31 Book 32
Book 33
1942 1942 1940

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